Hand: Principal Glossator 4, Brussels, BR 1650 (1520)
- Principal Glossator 4
- Brussels, BR 1650 (1520)
- Saec. xi1
Stokes, English Vernacular Script, ca 990–ca 1035, Vol. 2 (PhD Thesis, University of Cambridge, 2006)
This scribe used a thick and fairly flat pen, the pen sometimes only providing ink along the outer edges of the stroke and leaving a small gap running along the length. The script is fairly angular, the bodies of letters often low and wide, and the aspect quite clumsy, strokes often not joining properly. Ascenders are rarely longer than minims and can have barbs, small wedges, or no decoration at all on top. Descenders are of similar length and are usually straight. Minims usually have small hooks or approach-strokes, and can have small feet or be straight. An angular flat-topped a was used throughout, usually formed much like a u but with the sides angled in towards each other and with a separate horizontal stroke joining them; the letter is often horned as a consequence. A similar form was used for æ except that the lower stroke tends to be more rounded and to curve in underneath; the tongue is usually high and slightly rising, and the hook is low and often angular. Bilinear d was used throughout, the back usually reaching to the preceding letter but sometimes more rounded and reaching slightly above cue-height. Round e is normal, although a small horn can be found, and the back is normally fairly vertical even without a horn; the lower stroke is often short but can meet the tongue, the tongue itself is usually rising and can be turned down at the tip, and the hook low and often angular. The tongue of f is usually slightly longer than the hook. Open, flat-topped g was used throughout, the mid-section of which begins more or less in the middle, descends vertically, then turns sharply right at the base-line and extends horizontally in that direction; the tail curves quickly down and left, sometimes ending in this direction or sometimes curling up at the tip. The shoulders of h, m, n, and r are all quite angular, often starting below cue-height and turning down to the vertical. The foot of r is fairly prominent. Long s is found throughout in all positions, the down-stroke rarely extending below the base-line. The scribe used þ only. At least one occurrence is found of u written as v (wærum, 13v, Napier no. 1398). Straight-limbed y was used throughout, normally dotted but sometimes not; the right branch is hooked left, the tail usually straight but sometimes hooked right, and the left branch sometimes higher than the right.